Cheek augmentation is a cosmetic procedure which aims at enhancing the cheeks on a person’s face. In order to perform the surgery, the doctor needs to place an implant over the cheekbone. However, there is also one more way of augmenting the cheeks by patient’s own fat which is transferred to the cheeks. Nevertheless, the results do not stay forever as around 40-60% of fat stays in our body. Coming back to implants, they are made of variety of materials. The most popular and frequently used is silicone implant. It can take three shapes: malar, submalar and combined. Malar implants are situated directly on the cheekbones. As a result, the contour of the side of the face is higher. On the contrary, submalar implants are not placed on the cheekbones. Their aim is to enhance the midface. Combined implants or malar/submalar combination are extended implants intended to augment both the midface and the cheekbones.
The procedure is usually performed in sedation or general anaesthetic and takes about one or two hours. The incision is made in the upper mouth near the top of the gum line and the implant is inserted into the place. It is possible to make the incision near the eye, but it will certainly leave a visible scar. Another method includes inraoral incision, although, it is not often used, as there is a high risk of infections due to bacteria in oral cavity.